After medication abortion, women may quickly become pregnant again and therefore need an effective birth control method right away. Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are very effective for preventing pregnancy. IUDs are usually placed more than a month after abortion. This study will randomly assign women having a medication abortion to two groups, either having the IUD inserted one week after medication abortion or having the IUD inserted more than four weeks later. Women will be followed for six months to compare how many return for IUD placement in the two groups, how many are using the IUD after six months, experience with pain, bleeding, and cramping, how easy or difficult it is to insert the IUD, how many IUDs are expelled or removed, and how many women are using any birth control six months after the abortion.
Name: CuT380ADescription: Comparison of different timing of IUD insertionType: Device
Immediate IUD insertion Delayed IUD insertion
Description: Six months after enrollment, we determined whether or not women were using the IUD through in-person exit interviews and phone interviews. This was an intention to treat analysis, comparing the proportion of women using the IUD based on their group assignment (immediate or delayed).Measure: Use of the IUD for Contraception at Six Months Time: 6 months
Description: Insertion rates are the proportion of women in each allocation group (immediate, delayed) who ultimately had the IUD inserted within the 6 month study period.Measure: Insertion Rates Time: By six months after medication abortion
Description: Expulsion rates were defined as the number of IUDs expelled from the uterus among participants who had the IUD inserted during the study. Removal rates were defined as the number of IUDs that were electively removed by participant request among participants who had the IUD inserted during the study.Measure: Expulsion and Removal Rates Time: Within six months of medication abortion
There is one SNP
A Randomized Trial of Immediate Versus Delayed Insertion of the Copper T380A Following Medication Abortion. --- T380A ---