This study will examine the effectiveness of a drug called Cystagon in treating infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (INCL), a progressive neurological disease affecting children. At around 11 to 13 months of age, patients develop slowed head growth, mild brain atrophy (wasting), electroencephalographic (EEG) changes and retinal deterioration, with symptoms worsening over time. The disease results from an enzyme deficiency that causes fatty compounds called ceroid to accumulate in cells. In laboratory experiments, Cystagon has helped remove ceroid from cells of patients with INCL. Children with INCL between 6 months and 3 years of age may be eligible for this study. Participants take Cystagon daily by mouth every 6 hours. They are admitted to the NIH Clinical Center for a 4- to 5-day period every 6 months for the following tests and evaluations: - Review of medical history, including a detailed record of seizures, physical examination, blood tests and clinical photographs. For the initial baseline studies, examinations may also be scheduled with pediatric neurology, ophthalmology and anesthesia services. - Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain MRI uses a powerful magnet, radio waves, and computers to provide detailed images of the brain without the use of X-rays. The patient lies on a table that slides inside a donut-shaped machine containing a magnetic field. The child requires general anesthesia for the procedure. - Electroretinogram (ERG) measures the function of the retina, the light-sensitive tissue in the back of the eye. To record the flash ERG, a special contact lens is placed on the eye s surface and the eye is stimulated with flashes of light. Infants and very young children require general anesthesia for the procedure. - Visual evoked potential (VEP) measures the function of the visual pathway from the eye to the brain. To record the VEP, five electrodes are placed on the scalp and the eye is stimulated with flashes of light. Infants and very young children must be anesthetized for the procedure. - Electroencephalogram (EEG) measures brain electrical activity, using electrodes placed on the scalp. The test is useful in defining seizures. The child may need to be sedated to keep still during the test. - Skin biopsy A small piece of skin is removed (usually from the upper arm or shoulder) under local anesthetic to grow cells in the laboratory. This procedure is done at the start of the study and is repeated after 1 year if therapy results are promising. Children s condition may improve, stabilize or worsen during this study. Life may be prolonged without significant improvement in quality. The information gained from the study may help scientists develop more potent drugs to treat INCL.
Name: CystagonType: Drug
Drug: Cystagon and N-acetylcysteine
Description: The GRODs in peripheral white blood cells from all patients before and during treatment were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) at 30000xmagnification. Two investigators working independently of each other identified and counted the GRODs and the results were averaged.Measure: Change in Cellular Granular Osmiophilic Deposits (GRODs) in Electron Micrographs of Peripheral White Blood Cells. Time: 10 years
Single Group Assignment
There are 2 SNPs
The purpose of including only those patients who carry specific PPT1 mutations (L10X, R151X, R164X, W296X, R122W, c.169insA and E184K) was to establish that the beneficial effects of the combination therapy because a patients who had any two of these mutations manifested the most severe disease phenotype. --- R122W --- --- E184K ---
The purpose of including only those patients who carry specific PPT1 mutations (L10X, R151X, R164X, W296X, R122W, c.169insA and E184K) was to establish that the beneficial effects of the combination therapy because a patients who had any two of these mutations manifested the most severe disease phenotype. --- R122W ---