There is one clinical trial.
The hope is that the peptide vaccines will stimulate the immune system to attack and kill the myeloma cells. The purpose is to generate anti-myeloma T-cells which will kill myeloma cells and nothing else.
b) Patients who have NY-ESO-1 positive MM and who have the tissue type HLA-A*0201 are allocated to the NY-ESO-1156-C165V peptide vaccine. --- C165V ---
c) Patients who have NY-ESO-1 positive and MAGE-A3 negative or positive MM and who have as tissue type HLA-A*0101, or -* B35 and HLA-A*0201, will receive vaccination with the NY-ESO-1156-C165V peptide vaccine. --- C165V ---
Description: The peptides are fragments from two proteins MAGE-A3 and NY-ESO-1. There will be a series of 12 peptide vaccinations given as a subcutaneous (beneath the skin) injection (vaccines) at 2 week intervals resulting in an immune response to myeloma. The tumor peptides used in the vaccines are unique to myeloma, and it is not expected that there will be an immune response to normal organs. Myeloma cells must express MAGE-A3 or NY-ESO-1, be severe enough to require chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation and have appropriate HLA tissue type.Measure: The Number of Participants Experiencing a Response to the Peptide Vaccines. Time: 2 week intervals