To determine if the mu opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) A118G polymorphism moderates the subjective-rewarding effects of intravenous (IV) nicotine in male and female smokers. The subjective effects of nicotine will be measured with a Drug Effects Questionnaire, including the ratings of "good effects" and "drug liking". We hypothesize that smokers with the AG/GG genotype for the OPRM1 A118G will have attenuated subjective-rewarding effects from IV nicotine when compared to those with AA genotype.
Name: salineDescription: intravenous salineType: Drug
Name: NicotineDescription: Intravenous nicotineType: Drug
There is one SNP
In addition, the association of the G398A polymorphism of the CHRNA5 gene (rs16969968) with maximal response to nicotinic agonists justifies examination of this SNP as a moderator of IV nicotine sensitivity in humans (Bierut et al. 2008).
The frequency of rs16969968 SNP ranges from 35%-42% among those of European ancestry, making it feasible to examine this variation in our subject sample.